YEREVAN, JANUARY 5, ARMENPRESS. Zelnik, komachki, plateki and uchkur are among the conventional delicacies typical of the coastal Varna Area in Northeastern Bulgaria, Svetlozara Koleva, a curator on the Varna Ethnographic Museum, stated in an interview for BTA.
Koleva famous that rural delicacies is completely different from city delicacies, and there are variations between on a regular basis meals and ritual meals. The Varna space is dwelling to many immigrants who’ve introduced alongside the meals traditions from their homelands, she added.
The Sartovo space (the Provadia Plateau) is understood for a sort of pie referred to as zelnik. It’s made out of dough sheets, milk thickened with a couple of drops of cheese yeast, and eggs. The dough sheets are frilled like cabbage leaves, therefore, the title zelnik (derived from the Bulgarian phrase for cabbage). Bulgur wheat could be added.
The Valchi Dol space has its plateki and komachki. Each are pasta dishes. To make plateki, you knead dough and roll it out into sheets. The sheets are folded up like envelopes and are baked. If dried, they are often stored for a very long time. Simply earlier than being served, they’re dipped into scorching water with salt, lard and paprika. White brined cheese could be put between them.
The komachki are dough balls positioned shut collectively in a baking-dish and soaked in a combination of eggs and crumbled white brined cheese, Koleva stated. They’re baked in an oven. Uchkur is a candy pie which is a specialty of the Turkish neighborhood in and round Valchi Dol. It requires nice talent as a result of the dough needs to be rolled out into very skinny sheets. It’s baked after which soaked in syrup.
The Madzhurs, who migrated to Varna from Lozengrad (Kirklareli) and Edirne in right now’s Northwestern Turkey, had a exceptional culinary tradition, Koleva stated. In comparison with the native inhabitants, they put extra elements and spices into their meals. Recipes inherited from the Madzhurs embody dyado, or grandpa (made out of chopped pork); baba, or grandma (pig lungs and bulgur wheat) and etarnik (liver, meat, bacon and leek).
Bulgur wheat and chickpeas was once quite common in Varna Area, in response to Koleva. Recent fish was usually consumed there, notably by wealthier folks. These of decrease revenue would go for salted fish.
Desserts had been made with molasses slightly than sugar. One typical recipe is from the Sartovo space. It’s referred to as slivenitsa: dried plums and different fruits are put in boiling water; bulgur wheat, chopped leek and geranium are added as nicely.
Armenians, Jews and Greeks contributed to Varna’s delicacies, Koleva stated. Armenians are well-known for his or her vine-leave sarmi (stuffed vine leaves), and sweets. The sarmi are meatless and include scallion, eggs, white brined cheese, dill and spearmint.
Roast turkey was once slightly widespread among the many city inhabitants on Christmas, and wealthier households would have an entire roast suckling pig on their desk. The turkey could be filled with bulgur wheat and raisins and garnished with chestnuts boiled in milk.
For St Basil’s Day (January 1), the Greek neighborhood in Varna made what was generally known as St Basil’s bread, which could be in contrast with kozunak (candy Easter bread) however takes much less time to make. Chewing-gum paste was among the many elements.
Dobrich Area is dwelling to many ethnic teams, however what their meals traditions share in widespread is the bread cult, Daniela Gerasimova of the Dobrich Regional Museum of Historical past informed BTA. At this time’s administrative area of Dobrich is on the coronary heart of the historic area of Southern Dobrudzha, which is popularly generally known as “the granary of Bulgaria”.
In comparison with the opposite cultures of the world, the Bulgarians connect notably nice significance to bread, Gerasimova stated. Ritual bread is believed to have a magical perform.
For Christmas Eve, the folks in Dobrich Area make a sort of ritual bread referred to as bogovitsa (derived from the Bulgarian phrase for God). It’s a donut-shaped unleavened bread which is punched with a fork and baked in a baking-dish. Generally it’s adorned with small items of dough symbolizing lambs, or with ritual seals, and a cross signal.
Different elements of the Northeast
A dessert named ashure is quite common in Targovishte Area. It’s ready on a selected day earlier than the Muslim feast of Ramadan and has to do with Muslim fasting. Generally it’s made for the commemoration of a deceased relative.
Diana Zhekova, a curator on the Targovishte Regional Museum of Historical past, informed BTA that it is a particular ritual meals. It’s made out of particular cereals and fruits: wheat, corn, chickpeas, peanuts, widespread beans, broad beans, raisins, quinces and apples. Every ingredient is boiled individually after which they’re all combined collectively. Sugar, vanilla and clove are added.
Additionally within the northeast of Bulgaria, the village of Vasil Drumev in Shumen Area hosts a biennial culinary pageant referred to as “Forgotten Traditions -Ritual Meals”. The pork ribs with bulgur wheat made on this village can’t be tasted in another a part of the nation, BTA discovered from the secretary of the area people centre, Maria Velikova, who’s among the many organizers of the pageant.
The recipe makes use of pork ribs which had been salted and stored in a barrel. After the ribs are taken out of the barrel, they need to be soaked in water. Then, they’re fried with onion. Bulgur wheat, water, paprika and black pepper are added, and the meals is put in an oven, Velikova stated. She famous that, typically talking, the native folks want bulgur wheat over rice, not like the residents of different elements of Bulgaria.